|Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935)|
"The woman who needs to be liberated most is the woman in every man, & the man who needs to be liberated most is the man in every woman" Magnus Hirschfeld
Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) was a pioneering German sexologist drawn to the study of human sexuality. He strongly believed that sexual orientation was a naturally occurring trait worthy of research rather than social hostility.
His research attracted much controversy, sometimes from the gay community itself. For several years he fought to classify homosexuals as a third sex between man & woman (he later dropped this argument)
Both an open homosexual and Jew, he came under regular attack once the Nazis came into power, once resulting in a fractured skull. Despite this he continued to campaign effortlessly for the repeal of § 175.
The political cartoon shown here depicts Hirschfeld as 'Hero Of The Day' drumming up support for the repeal. The banner reads: 'The foremost champion of the Third Sex'. (Picture reproduced with kind permission courtesy of the USHMM).
for Sexual Science
In 1897 he founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee, opposed to oppression of homosexuals, & was also responsible for the World League for Sexual Reform (WLSR), which was the first global gay rights organisation. He became one of three original presidents of the WLSR along with English sex researcher Havelock Ellis & Swiss psychiatrist Auguste Forel.
was away from Berlin on a world speaking tour, which saved him from
a certain death.
|This site is dedicated to the memory of the many who didn't make it. Never forget ... Never again. © 2004 lewis Oswald|